* 6/XII/1919 Pøerov
+ 27/I/1945 Fürstengrube

Gideon Klein

Compositores - El Almanaque

el texto en inglés:
Of his musical generation, Klein was an outstanding personality with an extraordinary musical genius, and his concert performances were considered unrepeatable anistic experiences. His compositions of that period, many of which were discovered as late as 1990, showed an intensive search for his own way of expression, including work with microintervals and free tonality. In spite of all this, performances of his works were held under more and more difficult circumstances: first under a pseudonym, later only in the strict privacy of "apartment concens".
In December 1941, Klein was deponed to the newly-established ghetto in Terezin, where he spent three years. This intelligent, hardworking, talented young man soon became one of the leading personalites of Terezin s cultural life, ceaselessly keeping up the highest demands on the quality of his anistic work, under almost impossible conditions. Here he collaborated musically with his fellow inmates Karel Ancerl, Rafael Schachter, Hans Krasa, Viktor Ullmann, Pavel Haas, Karel Berman and others. Besides performing and composing, Klein gave lectures, educated the young inmates and in many other ways contributed to the social and intellectual life ot the ghetto. In those difficult and such confined conditions, he created a number of excellent compositions (piano sonata, string trio, quartets, choral works), which were found only by chance many years later.
At the end of 1944, Klein was transponed to Auschwitz and then to the Furstengrube concentration camp in the Silesian coal mines, where he died under unclear circumstances on the very threshold of freedom.
In Klein s compositions we can see a great musical talent in a young composer (he was only 25 when arrived at Terezin), who was constantly looking for his own style. Inspired at first by Moravian folklore, he went on to emulate Leos Janacek, Vitezslav Novak and mally Arnold Schonberg, as well as trying to combine and synthesize all these influences. His strong creative gift enabled him to work and develop even under the inhuman conditions of his imprisonment. Klein s compositions are not appreciated merely as the evidence of a talent destroyed by war, they are truly significant works of an, greatly contributing to the treasury of world music.
1286    (desde 2/X/2013)


Composiciones de
Gideon Klein
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